Guide to condition of Vinyl records

Sealed (S) Record is still sealed.

Mint (M) Absolutely perfect in every way. Certainly never been played.

Near Mint (NM or M-) A nearly perfect record. The record should show no obvious signs of wear. A 45 RPM or EP sleeve should have no more than the most minor defects, such as almost invisible ring wear or other signs of slight handling. An LP cover should have no creases, folds, seam splits or other noticeable similar defects. No cut-out holes, either. And of course, the same should be true of any other inserts, such as posters, lyric sleeves and the like. Basically, an LP in near mint condition looks as if you just got it home from a new record store and removed the shrink wrap.

Excellent (EX) or Very Good++ (VG++) The record may show some signs of having been played, possibly with light surface marks or fingerprints but there is no appreciable lessening in sound quality. The cover and packaging might have slight wear and/or creasing.

Very Good Plus (VG+) Generally worth 50% of the Near Mint value. A Very Good Plus record will show some signs that it was played and otherwise handled by a previous owner who took good care of it. Record surfaces may show some signs of wear and may have slight scuffs or very light scratches that don't affect one's listening experiences. Slight warps that do not affect the sound are "OK". The label may have some ring wear or discoloration, but it should be barely noticeable. The center hole will not have been misshapen by repeated play. Picture sleeves and LP inner sleeves will have some slight wear, lightly turned up corners, or a slight seam split. An LP cover may have slight signs of wear also and may be marred by a cut-out hole, indentation or corner indicating it was taken out of print and sold at a discount. In general, if not for a couple things wrong with it, this would be Near Mint.


Very Good (VG) Generally worth 25% of Near Mint value. Many of the defects found in a VG+ record will be more pronounced in a VG disc. Surface noise will be evident upon playing, especially in soft passages and during a song's intro and fade, but will not overpower the music otherwise. Groove wear will start to be noticeable, as with light scratches (deep enough to feel with a fingernail) that will affect the sound. Labels may be marred by writing, or have tape or stickers (or their residue) attached. The same will be true of picture sleeves or LP covers. However, it will not have all of these problems at the same time, only two or three of them. 


Cut-out - cutting the corner or punching a hole of deeply discounted or remaindered copy of an LP.

Drillhole - a punched hole in a LP or in a cover

woc (written on cover) - written on cover

wol (written on label) - written on label

soc (sticker on cover) - sticker on cover

sol (sticker on label) - sticker on label


In our catalog, in the column "condition", the first shows the state of the cover, by a fraction - of the state of the record. The state of the record is visually examined under a special light, so as to determine the degree of wear. In some cases, of necessary, we use a fragmentary listening.


LP (Long Play) - 12-inch long-playing vinyl record, writes speed of 33 rev/min

MLP (MINI-LP) - 12 inch vinyl disk comprising tracks 4-5, mainly duration up to 30 minutes, write speed of 33 rev/min

ЕР (Extended Play)7-inch, 10 inch or 12 inch vinyl disc having at least two and no more than seven tracks, write speed of 45 rev/min

12“ (12“ Single) - maxi-single, 12 inch vinyl disk comprising tracks 1-6, mainly duration about 20 minutes, write speed of 33 or 45 rev/min

10“(10“ Single) - 10 inch vinyl disk comprising tracks 1-5, mainly duration up to 30 minutes, write speed of 33 or 45 rev/min

7“ (7“ Single) - 7 inch vinyl disk comprising tracks 1-2, mainly duration is 10-12 minutes, write speed of 45 rev/min

2LP/3LP/4LP - Output that includes 2/3/4 or more plates

Box - vinyl box set

Gatefold Sleeve - gatefold sleeve

Inner Sleeve - inner sleeve

RE - Repress